Reviews

Preoperative cardiac risk stratification 2007: Evolving evidence, evolving strategies

Abstract

Abstract

Various guidelines and risk indices have optimized cardiac risk stratification, and the emphasis has shifted to reducing perioperative risk. This review is an update on invasive (CABG/PCI) and noninvasive (medical therapy with beta‐blockers, alpha‐agonists, and statins) strategies to reduce cardiac risk for noncardiac surgery and the controversies surrounding their use. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2007;2:174–180. © 2007 Society of Hospital Medicine.