Reviews

Clinical challenge of hyponatremia in heart failure

Abstract

Abstract

Hyponatremia is a significant and independent predictor of outcomes including rehospitalization and mortality in patients with both acute decompensated heart failure (HF) and chronic HF. Even modest degrees of hyponatremia are associated with a poorer prognosis. Treatment options include fluid restriction and the vaptan class (“aquaretics”) in select patients. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2012; 7:S6–S10. © 2012 Society of Hospital Medicine